Ever since science and technology have enhanced production, the significance of agricultural technology cannot be overstated.
Farmers will also boost production by using hybrid plants, in addition to other emerging innovations and discoveries. Similarly, science has made it possible to forecast the right climate conditions for different plants.
What Is Science and Technology’s Position in Agriculture? Several technological advances, including the invention of genetically modified crops, robotics, lighting and electrical manufacture, refrigerated railcars, and lots of others, have contributed significantly to the agricultural sector’s growth.
The Way Science and Technology Are Affecting Agriculture
Agriculture has a very long tradition of utilizing technologies to boost and enlarge crop yields. It has altered the way agriculturists operate their businesses and is also transforming the form of rural areas.
Agriculture has long been regarded as a dirty job best left to rural places, but the perception is changing with technology. Science and technology have had an influence on the farming industry in many different areas.
The addition of machinery on farms was one of the earliest inventions that significantly influenced the industry. Earlier this invention, jobs on the farm were all performed entirely by hand. Mechanization was a substantial advancement for the agricultural sector.
— Vehicle Transportation
Farmers faced significant transportation challenges. The cost of transporting farm produce has been very high. Due to the space to purchase, most products spoil before reaching the customer, leading to a significant reduction for the farmer.
The invention of railroads was crucial in aiding in the resolution of this issue. Farm products could now be shipped much quicker and at a lower cost than the expansion of rail systems.
This strategy aided in raising the farmer’s ROI. The introduction of refrigerated rail cars has transformed the industry by enabling farmers to produce perishable meats using refrigerated vehicles economically.
This equipment speeds up distribution while still preserving the commodity by keeping it in a cozy setting. Planes, trucks, and barges, among other means of transport, were invented to move agricultural goods from the farm to the marketplace.
Shipping technology advancements aided in reducing transport costs, opening new markets, and eventually improving quality and production in the agricultural industry.
— Improved Production
Farmers have long relied upon agricultural chemicals like herbicides and pesticides to combat pests, reduce insect damage, and enhance yield. A number of these things were seen as a consequence of experimental analysis.
Additionally, scientists conducted experiments and created novel biotechnological technologies which may be used to produce genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
— Using Plants to Create Electricity
Farmers have frequently grown crops for fiber and food. However, scientists have recently discovered that certain crops can be used as sources of energy. As a green solution to petroleum-based oil, soya bean-based biodiesel, and corn-based ethanol were created.
Which Will Be the Science and Technology Challenges in Agriculture?
One of the substantial problems of science and technology in agriculture is that it may have a significant environmental effect.
It results in squander by introducing pesticides and other contaminants to the water and atmosphere. Despite having a positive effect on crop production, these additives are harmful to the climate.
In addition, heavy machinery and tilling machines around the soil could lead to soil erosion and environmental deterioration. Another issue with science and technology in agriculture is that most farmers are illiterate and find it hard to follow new farming methods.